Two Bnei Brak Charedi graduates of Lustig Institute in Ramat Gan — a branch of the Jerusalem College of Technology that serves members of the hared community — have developed a microchip for use in Israel’s aerospace industry.
The chip — which was developed by Tehiya Dayan and Lior Halevi — can perform multiple tasks while simultaneously synchronizing four additional programs. The operational use of the chip has been successfully tested, and the two women have received awards for their innovation. The Jerusalem College of Technology also honored the project as an outstanding development project. It is rocket science: Tehiya Dayan (left) and Lior Halevi (second from left) accept awards for their aerospace project. Also pictured is JCT President Dr. Noah Dana-Picard and ???? Dr. Dan Buchnik of the institute supervised the project and helped to develop the algorithms and procedural methods for ensuring the chip’s functionality. The students took a three-month crash course in spacecraft technologies prior to their development of the software. In a chic auditorium typically reserved for late night concerts, Israel’s next generation of high-tech entrepreneurs are gathered. Though their vocation is modern, their appearance and lifestyle are distinctly traditional and they are seated separately — men to the left, woman to the right. It’s a first for Israel, a high-tech conference designed specifically for ultra-Orthodox Jews. They are a community long stigmatized for enjoying sweeping draft exemptions and raising large families on taxpayer-funded handouts. They are under ever-growing pressure to break out of their cloistered world of Torah study and get jobs. In recent years they have indeed begun joining the work force, and some have found an unlikely home in the country’s booming high-tech industry. That changing reality was illustrated by last week’s gathering of bearded men in black suits and women in head coverings and long dresses who came to network at a leading Jerusalem venture capital firm. Yitzik Crombie, who initiated the Haredi Hi-Tech Forum, says about 10,000 haredim work in high-tech, 75 percent of them women. Although they may lack basic math and science skills, advocates say their intense, methodical study of religious texts provides tools that are oddly applicable to computer programming. “Someone who finished yeshiva and studied Talmud and Gemara, his brain is built for high-tech,” said Crombie, a 30-year-old haredi and chief executive of iSale, which offers mobile guided selling solutions to businesses. “With a little faith, we can make a major breakthrough and become leaders in the field.” Many rabbis fear immersion in mainstream society will expose haredim to secularism and cut into the prayer and study that has distinguished the Jewish people for centuries. But unemployment and poverty are very high among haredim who make up about 8% of Israel’s eight million citizens, and families of eight to 10 children are common. More than a quarter of all Israeli first graders are haredim, studying in independent school systems that focus primarily on religion while barely teaching math, science or English. Experts have long warned these trends are jeopardizing Israel’s long-term economic prospects. Now, according to Israel’s central bank and its Central Bureau of Statistics, the tide has begun to turn. In 2011, for instance, 54.5% of hared women and 45% of the men held jobs — an increase from 48% and 33.1% respectively nine years earlier. The numbers, while still far below the national average of around 80%, show the community is far from the homogenous mass viewed by outsiders. The shift is further highlighted by their participation in Israel’s greatest engine of economic growth, the high-tech sector, which is secular-dominated. At the Jerusalem research and development center of the semiconductor giant Intel, more than 100 of the 700 employees are haredim, making chips and performing quality assurance. “The public discourse in Israel has yet to internalize the enormous changes taking place in the hared community,” said Jerusalem mayor Nir Barkat, himself a former high-tech executive. Bringing the haredim and their ethos of scholarly rigor into the work force could ease one of Israeli society’s greatest schisms, which is a perennial source of partisan political discord, especially with the approach of Tuesday’s general election. So employing the haredim is ethically wise, and also makes smart business sense, said Erel Margalit, founder of the Jerusalem Venture Partners firm that hosted the conference and a parliamentary candidate. “Israel can compete with India as far as software development. What we now send there, we can send here,” he said. “We offer a working alliance with the haredi community.” Still, challenges remain. High-tech firms have to provide segregated male and female work space, cafeteria menus must follow the dietary kosher rules more stringently, time must be allocated for prayer and women must be allowed flexible hours if they are to manage their often large families. Nili Davidovitch, a mother of five, heads Daat Solutions, a firm that specializes in Internet development and quality assurance. She employs 40 haredi women like herself and aims to offer them a career in a cutting-edge field without undermining their lifestyle. “If you give them an appropriate working environment they will come,” she said. “There are lots of shades of haredim. The society today is not what it once was.” Shlomo Peeri, the vice president for human resources at the Israeli branch of NDS, a part of Cisco, said the company has never experienced any religion-driven tension. About 100 of the company’s 1,200 employees are haredi systems engineers and developers, he said. “We’ve created a working environment based on mutual respect and harmony,” he said. “We are a microcosm of Israeli society that shows we can live together.” But even if the main obstacle remains the hared community’s lack of scientific education, what is already happening “is a revolution,” said Stuart Hershkowitz, a senior official at the Jerusalem College of Technology. “It is becoming mainstream in haredi society to find a normal way to support yourself,” he said. “Being resigned to a life of poverty is no longer acceptable to the haredim themselves.”